A growing number of industries are routinely searching for accuracy in their machined parts. This has, essentially, led to an increase in demand for 5-Axis CNC Machining.
More companies prefer 5-axis CNC machining, because it can offer continuous precision and exact accuracy on a project.
A 5-axis CNC machine is able to provide:
- High Precision
- Intricate Geometries
- Tight Tolerances
Understanding 5-Axis CNC Machining
5-axis CNC machines offer a specialized and advanced manufacturing process that has the ability to fabricate complex parts and components.
CNC refers to a Computer Numerically Controlled operation. In other words, the machining process is completely controlled by computer programs that can precisely guide the cutting tools and the cutting technique of the machine.
The Difference Between 3-Axis & 5-Axis CNC Machining
The traditional 3-axis CNC machining procedure has a cutting tool that can move in three separate directions: the X, Y and Z axes. A 3-axis CNC machine is, typically, used for the creation of relatively simple shapes and features. However, additional axes of movement are going to be necessary when it comes to a more intricate and complex component.
Not only does 5-axis CNC machining contain the three linear axes of motion, but it also has two rotational axes, as well. For this reason, the cutting tool is able to move in five different directions.
- The X-axis is a horizontal movement from left to right.
- The Y-axis is a horizontal movement from front to back.
- The Z-axis is a vertical movement that moves up and down.
- The A-axis rotates around the X-axis.
- The B-axis rotates around the Y-axis.
The cutting tool has the ability to approach the workpiece from a variety of angles with these additional rotational movements. As a result, a more flexible and versatile machining operation is guaranteed. This capability is especially valuable when manufacturing complex surfaces and other intricate geometries that would, otherwise, be challenging to achieve on a traditional 3-axis CNC machine.
The Capability Of A 5-Axis CNC Machine
5-axis CNC machines are commonly used in various industries - such as defense/military, aerospace, medical and precision engineering - where the production of highly detailed and intricate components are required.
A company called Raytheon is making a part within their research and development department. This particular part is likely being produced for a new missile project. Our highly skilled team of machinists, here at P4Swiss | Lindel CNC Machining, received the opportunity to manufacture an extremely small and complicated part for this project at Raytheon. This machined part contained a complex and intricate design with great detail and tight tolerances. Therefore, 5-axis CNC machining was certainly necessary, in order to properly fabricate this component.
5-axis CNC machines are capable of:
- Reducing the setup time
- Enhancing the accuracy and precision
- Reducing the need for multiple machine setups
- Providing higher efficiency
- Improving product quality
Benefits Of A 5-Axis CNC Machine
5-axis CNC machining is going to offer several significant benefits that, essentially, make it a valuable manufacturing process. Here are some of the key advantages:
Enhanced Geometric Complexity
The five different axes of movement will enable the 5-axis CNC machine to reach multiple sides and angles of the workpiece. With that being said, this process will allow for the fabrication of precise components with highly complex geometries, curved surfaces and intricate details. On a traditional 3-axis CNC machine, it would be extremely difficult or impossible to manufacture the precise parts.
Reduced Setup Time
5-axis CNC machines can, typically, finish the machining procedure in one individual setup. Not only that, but numerous operations can also be performed without having to readjust or remove the workpiece from the machinery. As a result, the need for repositioning and tool changes will be minimized, while the setup time is reduced.
Improved Accuracy & Precision
The multi-axis movement of a 5-axis CNC machine provides a manufacturing process that has better control over the cutting tool’s position and cutting technique. Ultimately, this is going to result in higher accuracy with an improved surface finish. Thus, leading to better product quality.
Reduced Lead Times
5-axis CNC machining can guarantee a faster production process for complex parts. This is due to the machinery’s ability to perform various operations in only one single setup. With that said, this machinery is going to reduce the lead times and provide a reduction in changeover time.
Flexibility & Versatility
A 5-axis CNC machine is able to successfully handle a wide variety of part sizes and shapes. That is why this machinery is versatile for many industries and applications. For instance, these machines can work on intricate prototypes, custom components, as well as high volume production runs.
Reduced Scrap & Material Waste
The increased accuracy of a 5-axis CNC machine is going to reduce the likelihood of an error transpiring. That being said, there will be less scrap and material waste. This will, ultimately, lead to a more sustainable manufacturing process.
Reduced Human Errors
The automation and computer-controlled precision in 5-axis CNC machining, eventually, reduced the dependency on manual operations and operators. Therefore, the risk of human errors has been minimized and repeatability has enhanced.
Complex Simultaneous Operations
5-axis CNC machines are able to perform simultaneous machining procedures. For instance, this machinery can operate on multiple surfaces of the workpiece simultaneously. This is going to, essentially, improve efficiency and reduce production time.
High Quality Manufacturing
Overall, 5-axis CNC machining provides manufacturers with improved product quality. It is a valuable technology for industries that require the production of highly intricate and complex components.
P4Swiss | Lindel CNC Machining specializes in:
If you have any questions or would like to submit your own custom CNC request for quote (RFQ), please do not hesitate to contact Tony Torrez at firstname.lastname@example.org, call us at 520.792.3160 or click the “Request A Custom CNC Quote Today” button below.